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The aim of the IEA ES Annex 35 is to investigate and evaluate the potential of different storage technologies and configurations for the application to the sector coupling of electricity, heat and mobility sector and to draft recommendations for politics, research and industry based on the results.
Large-scale heat storage systems will play a central role in increasing the necessary flexibility of district heating networks and enable the further expansion of renewable energies. The main objective of the Annex is to determine the aspects that are important in planning, decision-making and implementing large thermal energy storages for integration into district heating systems and for industrial processes, given the boundary conditions for different locations and different system configurations.
The IEA Experts Group (EGRD) was established by the Committee on Energy Research and Technology (CERT). It examines analytical approaches to energy technologies, policies, and research and development and evaluates the benefits of RTI policies. Its results and recommendations feed into IEA analysis, and enable a broad perspective of energy technology issues.
Overview of the current status of the fluidized bed technology worldwide in regards to energy technology.
The technology programme includes the collaboration, the exchange of relevant information and networking in the area of fluidized bed conversion of fuels applied for clean energy production.
The aim of the project is to continue and further develop the internationally very well accepted participation of Austria in the information network of the IEA Fluidized Bed Conversion (FBC) Technology Collaboration Programme (TCP) to optimize fluidized bed conversion of fuels applied to clean energy production (heat and power). All stakeholders will be included on a national as well as on a global level.
The remit of the Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme TCP is to evaluate options and assess the progress of carbon capture and storage, and other technologies that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions derived from the use of fossil fuels, biomass and waste. The aim of the TCP is to help accelerate energy technology innovation by ensuring that stakeholders from both the public and private sectors share knowledge, work collaboratively and pool resources to deliver integrated and cost-effective solutions.
The IEA Heat Pump Technologies programme develops and disseminates objective and balanced information on heat pumps, refrigeration technologies and air conditioning with the aim of exploiting the environmentally relevant and energetic potential of these technologies. This programme includes joint research projects, workshops, conferences and an information service (IEA Heat Pump Centre).
Test procedure and seasonal performance calculation for residential heat pumps with combined space heating and heating of tap water - IEA Heat Pump Program Annex 28
International cooperation aiming at widening the use of compact heat exchangers in heat pumping equipment. The goal of this project is to identify compact heat exchangers, either existing or under development, that may be applied in heat pumping equipment such as compression or absorption heat pumps.
A significant use of alternative heat sources with the help of district heating and cooling networks is a major challenge for a sustainable energy supply. In times of increasing shares of fluctuating producers such as PV and wind energy, the relevance of heat pumps increases. Within the framework of the IEA HPT Annex 47, potentials and barriers for the integration of heat pumps in DHC networks were analyzed.
The project aims at showing the potential of heat pumps for the energy supply of multi-family houses and providing a contribution to the elimination of market barriers. Concepts and innovative technological options of heat pumps will be analyzed making use of simulation and experiments. The results will be disseminated in international expert meetings and amongst national stakeholders.
The project aimed at investigating the performance and market potential of gas-fired absorption heat pumps (AHPs) in domestic and small commercial or industrial buildings or applications. Selected processes were simulated for various types of buildings in order to calculate the energetic, ecological and economical potential of this technology. The results were compared with monitoring data of a gas-fired AHP system. In addition, a market survey including market barriers for gas-fired AHPs in Austria was conducted and a list of market supporting measures was compiled.
Industrial heat pumps enable the use of waste heat and increase the energy efficiency of industrial processes. The aim of this project was to provide comprehensive information on the successful application of industrial heat pumps and thus contribute to the further dissemination of this technology.
A dominating concept to reach a nearly Zero Energy Building (nZEB) is the combination of solar PV systems and heat pumps. The extended scope of the Annex 49 regards the balance of single buildings and groups of buildings/neighbourhoods, a thorough investigation of heat pump integration options for nZEBs and nZE neighbourhoods by means of monitoring and simulation as well as the design and control optimization for heat pumps in nZEB and the integration into energy systems.
The project aims at enhancing the acceptance of heat pumps and removing market barriers by reducing acoustic noise emissions and vibrations. The project involves: innovative experimental laboratory work, various numerical approaches and preliminary work in context of uniform legal and normative boundary conditions. In addition, new assessment schemes are developed and perceptual tests are carried out.
The aim of the project is to record the current situation in the field of refrigerants with low Global Warming Potential (GWP). Within the framework of the Annex, the situation in Austria and Europe will be harmonised at international level. The focus of the national project is to survey the current situation in the field of the refrigerants used and to prepare an outlook until 2030 on the availability of components and systems for the use of new "low-GWP" refrigerants.
IEA HPT Annex 55: Comfort and Climate Box – Speeding up market development for integrating heat pumps and storage packages
In the IEA HPT Annex 55, heat pumps with integrated thermal/electrical storage systems for existing buildings that are as close to the market as possible will be developed. Furthermore, measures to accelerate market development will be worked out.
As digitalization progresses, heat pumps are becoming part of the Internet of Things (IoT). In this project, the opportunities and challenges of IoT-capable heat pumps for the use in households, commercial enterprises and industrial applications will be investigated and made available to the relevant target groups in the form of guidelines, data and information relevant to standards.
IEA HPT Annex 57: Showing flexibility benefits through heat pump implementation in multi-vector energy systems and thermal networks
This project analyzes the future implementation of heat pumps in multi-vector energy systems and thermal networks. The aim is to increase the flexibility of the energy system and to use it for various applications, e.g. for system services or to participate in different electricity markets. Using international case studies, influencing factors and potentials for flexibility options will be evaluated and suitable business models will be derived.