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Development of advanced renovation concepts for residential buildings. For the housing segments with the greatest energy saving potentials strategies for increased market penetration of advanced housing renovation are investigated. Analysing outstanding renovation projects shall lead to technically and economically robust and sustainable concepts for housing renovation.
IEA SHC Task 42/ECES Annex 29: Compact Thermal Energy Storage - Material Development for System Integration
The key accomplishments of the task are summarized in the following points: New material characterizing methods were investigated, a new standard for an improved DSC measurement method has been developed, a data base for PCM, TCM and sorption materials was developed and established, advances in the numerical modelling of materials, compact thermal storage systems were developed for different material applications, a tool for the economic evaluation of thermal energy storages has been developed. Also numerous joint R&D Projects and more than twenty publications arose from the IEA-SHC Task 42 networking activity.
The completed IEA SHC Task 48 focused on an enhanced quality improvement and market-support measures for the technology option ‘solar thermal cooling or air-conditioning'. In cooperation with a total of 22 organizations (12 research institutes, 5 universities and 5 companies) from eight countries numerous useful reports and tools have been created to improve the quality of solar cooling systems with significant contribution of the Austrian partners.
IEA SHC Task 49/IV focussed ist work on important research questions on solar process heat within the three subtasks: Process heat collectors, their application, comparison and possible standarization; Process Integration and process intensification as required interlinkage between solar heat and production processes; Design Guidelines, case studies and promotion as key for market penetration.
The focus of IEA SHC Task 51 ‚Solar Energy in Urban Planning’ has been placed on the topic of solar energy integration in urban environment. Hereby, different international examples, options and processes for planning and implementation of solar energy measures in cities throughout the world have been screened, outlined and equipped with recommendations for further development. The core outcomes of the project address different options and possibilities for optimization of planning processes, framework conditions, tools, methods and education aiming to attain more effective and timely understanding as well as integration of solar energy in urban context.
IEA SHC Task 52 focused on the analysis of the future role of solar thermal heat in integrated urban energy systems. The potential of solar thermal applications to cover the low-temperature heat demand in future low-carbon energy systems was investigated against the background of the rapidly changing framework conditions in the energy sector. Best practice examples for the integration of solar thermal systems into urban energy systems were evaluated and documented.
IEA SHC Task 53 ‘New Generation (NG) Solar Cooling & Heating Systems’ investigates system concepts for solar electric and solar heat driven cooling and heating processes. Its main goal is the development, documentation and assessment of reliable and economically viable photovoltaic and/or solar heat operated cooling and heating systems. A comprehensive and comparative report of various NG systems and a description of support measures for their market introduction are key results of the international cooperation.
IEA SHC Task 54 was an interdisciplinary, collaborative project with the main focus on significant price reductions of solar thermal systems. Measures to achieve a reduction of the customer price up to 40% included simplified system designs, standardized components and cost-efficient materials and production and installation processes.
The growing market of solar thermal heating and cooling networks requires support in the integration of complex solar thermal systems. The Austrian project includes the management of the IEA SHC Task 55, the management of Subtask A and the introduction of Austrian project results. In the course of the research project, the integration and optimization of system components and large solar thermal heating and cooling networks are described and advanced.
This Task focuses on the critical analysis, simulation, laboratory test and onsite monitoring of envelope systems entailing elements that use and/or control incident solar energy. Integration of Solar Envelope solutions into the building’s HVAC and lighting systems through a systemic approach is central in this Task.
The goal of the IEA Task participation is to further expand and integrate the Austrian scientific experts in the field of compact thermal energy storage in the international research community and participation into the expertise developed. All national participants have the opportunity to integrate the results of their own R&D projects into the Task, and enable further positioning and integration.
IEA SHC Task 59/EBC Annex 76: Deep Renovation of Historic Buildings - Towards lowest possible energy demand and CO2 emission (nZEB)
The aim of IEA SHC Task 59/EBC Annex 76 is the documentation of best practice examples, the development of a multidisciplinary planning process and the development of holistic reconstruction solutions for historic buildings. In addition to the lead of Subtask A (knowledge base), the Austrian participation will also incorporate and further develop results that have been achieved in national demonstration projects and have been tested in practice.
Lighting accounts for 19% of the global electric energy consumption, and major savings can be achieved by intelligently connecting daylighting, electric lighting and control systems. At the same time, optimal visual and non-visual conditions must be provided for the user. Within this project the user requirements for lighting solutions and existing and novel control systems will be analyzed and documented. For evaluation purposes a consistent scheme for the characterization of daylight systems and an hourly rating model for integrated solutions will be worked out. Using a monitoring protocol, implemented integral lighting solutions will be evaluated in lab and field studies.
The main objective of IEA SHC Task 62 is to increase the use of solarthermal energy in industry, to develop newcollector technologies and to open up industrial and municipal water treatment as a newarea of application with high market potential for solar thermal energy. The nexus between solar thermal energy and water treatment enables the development of newand innovative technology combinations and the change to a sustainable, resource- and energy-efficient industry.
Since 1977 the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme supports joint research and development activities in the field of solar thermal technologies focusing solar thermal for heating and cooling of buildings, for industrial applications and in agriculture.
The Technology Collaboration Programme includes the collaboration, the exchange of relevant information and networking in the area of fluidized bed conversion of fuels applied for clean energy production.
The international experts elaborated two guidelines on the current state of wind energy utilization under icing conditions: the "State of the Art Report" and the "Recommended Practices Report". On a national level, Energiewerkstatt compiled a comparative report on international approval procedures with the assessment of icefall risk, a report regarding operational experience with a stand-alone power supply unit as well as a report on the evaluation of different ice detection systems.
Task 19 of IEA Wind deals with the challenges of the utilisation of wind energy in Cold Climates (i.e. under icing-conditions) and offers through global networking and mutual exchange of experience, the possibility of collecting and generating additional know-how. Moreover guidelines with best practice examples and recommendations for the realization of wind energy projects under icing conditions will be elaborated together with international experts in the task.
Task 19 deals with the challenges of wind power utilisation in icing conditions and provides a strong opportunity to generate new knowledge by global networking. Energiewerkstatt leads a subtask in the field of icefall risk and works on a transfer-function for converting the icing information on an anemometer to a wind turbine.
To ensure safety, reliability and productivity of small wind turbines (SWT) the experts of IEA Wind Task 27 developed a standard consumer label for small wind turbines. Since 2013 Task 27 is focussing on small wind turbines in high turbulence sites. By actively participating in the IEA Implementing Agreement Wind Energy Task 27, Austria’s stakeholders will become participants in the global small wind network. The establishment of a national working group as well as the organisation of an annual small wind conference in Austria will foster a durable collaboration and provide new impetus to the Austrian Small Wind Community.