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Given the considerable implications of occupants' presence and behavior for buildings’ performance, IEA EBC Annex 66 aims to set up a standard occupant behavior definition platform, establish a quantitative simulation methodology to model occupant behavior in buildings, and understand the influence of occupant behavior on building energy use and the indoor environment.
The project increased the knowledge on building Energy Flexibility and the regarding potential buildings can provide to energy grids. The critical aspects and possible solutions to utilize the Energy Flexibility that buildings can provide were identified and a report of the “Principles of Energy Flexible Buildings” will be published in 2019.
It is the aim of Annex 68 to gather and extend the scientific basis and data for a coupled calculation and evaluation of indoor air quality and energy efficiency of residential buildings. Detailed pollutant models will be integrated in energy building simulation to derive design and operational guidelines for energy-efficient buildings.
Within the framework of the IEA-EBC Annex 70, causes of deviations between calculated and actual energy consumption in buildings were empirically investigated and requirements for data quality, characteristics and security were developed. Furthermore, recommendations were developed regarding the use of internationally uniform standards and methods for data collection, processing and evaluation.
The requirements on building envelope and on building technology are steadily increasing. There is a lack of monitoring and analysis methods to control the quality of the built implementation. The objective is to provide methods for an on-site (in situ) assessment of the actual energy performance. Based on the results from EBC Annex 58, this Annex takes the step towards practicable characterization procedures.
The construction sector has great potential to reduce its energy consumption and the associated environmental impacts. Therefore. the IEA EBC Annex 72 focuses on the harmonization of methods for the assessment of construction-specific and operational environmental impacts (primary energy requirements, greenhouse gas emissions and otherindicators) throughout the life cycle of buildings.
Clusters of public buildings like hospitals or university campuses often include critical infrastructure which relies on sufficient energy supply. The Annex aims at developing tools for the planning process of resilient, efficient and low carbon energy systems for such building clusters.
IEA EBC Annex 75: Cost-effective Building Renovation at District Level Combining Energy Efficiency & Renewables
For the transformation of existing buildings to nearly zero energy buildings with low greenhouse gas emissions it is important to know which strategy is most cost efficient to reduce primary energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions of the buildings. Especially the right balance between renewable energy measures und energy efficiency measures is of high importance. To give an answer to this topic is goal of this project.
The IEA EBC Annex 79 aims to provide new insights into comfort-related occupant behaviour in buildings and its impact on building energy performance as well as occupant-centric building design and operation.
The rapidly increasing cooling demand for buildings - internationally as well as in Austria - requires further development and application of low energy and low carbon cooling solutions on a large scale. The Annex 80 is meeting this challenge boosting the development and implementation of appropriate cooling solutions by transferring knowledge and coordinating international research endeavours.
The latest developments in digitization have the potential to significantly reduce the costs of building operations. The annex is intended to improve access to low-cost, high-quality data from buildings and to support the development of data-driven energy efficiency applications and analyses. This enables the optimization of building controls in real time and offers energy efficiency data and decision support for building managers.
The aim of the Annex is to gain knowledge about the energy flexibility services that buildings and clusters of buildings may deliver to different types of energy networks. The project increases the knowledge about the barriers and motivation for the stakeholders. Their constructive involvement is a key for making building energy flexibility a value for the resilience of future energy networks.
The WGCC enables information and experience exchange, the identification of bottlenecks that lead to specific research questions and a direct communication with cities on their needs, to enable them to transform their energy systems. The working group is a joint initiative across several TCPs with in-depth participation of technical and non-technical (external) experts.
The objective of Annex 49 is the development of approaches for reducing the exergy demand of buildings, so as to reduce the CO2 emissions of the building stock and support structures for sustainable and reliable energy systems in the building sector. To achieve the objectives of Annex 49, the following activities have been carried out:Application of exergy analysis and providing tools, guidelines, best-practice examples and background information for planners and decision makers in the fields of construction, energy and politics Support of cost-efficient low-energy/exergy measures for renovation and new building taking into account both the residential and the service sector Promotion of exergy-related performance analysis of buildings, particularly from the perspectives of communities / regions
Development of integrated concepts for multi-storey buildings, which enable renovations of buildings with high energy efficiency at good user acceptance during the realisation phase as well as afterwards (comfort, affordability). Relevant components: integrated solutions of roof and façade with high rate of pre-fabrication, the possibility of integrating the energy façade/roofs and energy distribution and supply.
The aim of the IEA ECES Annex 35 is to investigate and evaluate the potential of different storage technologies and configurations for the application to the sector coupling of electricity, heat and mobility sector and to draft recommendations for politics, research and industry based on the results.
Large-scale heat storage systems will play a central role in increasing the necessary flexibility of district heating networks and enable the further expansion of renewable energies. The main objective of the Annex is to determine the aspects that are important in planning, decision-making and implementing large thermal energy storages for integration into district heating systems and for industrial processes, given the boundary conditions for different locations and different system configurations.
The aim of Energy Conservation through Energy Storage (ECES) is to enable integrated research, development, implementation and integration of energy storage technologies in order to optimise the energy efficiency of all types of energy systems and to promote the use of renewable energy sources instead of fossil fuels.
4E TCP promotes energy efficient end use equipment. It focuses on electric motor systems, electric household products, lighting, electronic devices and networks as well as power electronic conversion.
The Energy in Buildings and Communities Programme by the IEA enables collaborative research and development projects. Thematically, it focuses on integrating energy efficient and sustainable technologies in buildings and communities.