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The approximately 250 experts involved in the currently 8 active tasks carry out various joint application-oriented projects for photovoltaics. The Importance of Photovoltaics for the decarbonisation of the Energy system has grown massively in recent years due to the significant decline in costs. With currently 26 participating countries and some associations, a broad international exchange of experience is possible in this research program.
The aim of IEA PVPS Task 12 is to foster international collaboration in the area of photovoltaics and environment. That includes compiling and disseminating accurate Information on environment, health, safety, and other aspects of sustainability associated with the life-cycle of photovoltaics. Results are guidelines and data basis in order to harmonize LCAs and studies on future environmental impacts of PV and PV recycling. The Austrian contribution addressed LCA, implementation of sustainability aspects and dissemination.
The aim of IEA PVPS Task 12 is to foster international collaboration in the area of photovoltaics and environment. That includes compiling and disseminating accurate Information on environment, health, safety, and other aspects of sustainability associated with the life-cycle of photovoltaics. The austrian contribution addresses LCA, implementation of sustainability aspects and dissemination.
The main goal of Task 14 is to promote the use of grid-connected PV as an important source in electric power systems at the higher penetration levels that may require additional efforts to integrate dispersed generators. The aim of these efforts is to reduce the technical barriers to achieving high penetration levels of distributed renewable systems.
The IEA-PVPS Task 14, led by Austria as Operating Agent, promotes the use of grid connected PV as an important source in electric power systems on a high penetration level where additional efforts may be necessary to integrate the dispersed generators in an optimum manner. In a number of case studies from the participating countries, the challenges and approaches in the field of distribution networks, system management and power electronics components were shown in an international context. The result being elaborate reports with targeted recommendations and required measures to significantly increase the share of photovoltaics in electricity grids.
Building integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) is one of the future markets for Photovoltaics which enables the combination of architecture and energy technology. The project focussed on further national research in the area of BIPV, which is to be raised to an international level.
The IEA PVPS Task 17 focuses on the potential contributions of PV technologies to the transport sector as well as on the expected market potential of PV application in the transport sector.
Task 1 aims at promoting and facilitating the exchange and dissemination of information on the technical, economic, environmental and social aspects of PV power systems. The activities support the broader PVPS objectives: to contribute to cost reduction of PV power applications, to increase awareness of the potential and value of PV power systems, to foster the removal of both technical and non-technical barriers and to enhance technology co-operation.
IEA SHC PVT Task 60: Applications of Photovoltaic/thermal (PVT) Systems and New Fields of Application and Examples of PVT
The objectives of the task are the development of new system solutions, where the (Photovoltaic/thermal) PVT technology has clear advantages over the separate installation of PV modules and solar thermal collectors as well as standardization and cost reduction. The Austrian participation serves the establishment and deepening of know-how, the strengthening of the international network as well as the transfer and optimal conversion of the task achievements for the Austrian industry.
IEA SHC Task 32 deals with advanced storage concepts for low energy buildings. In the project storages based on phase change materials are used in solar combisystems, in order to reduce the emissions and increase the efficiency of biomass- and gas boilers and to increase the solar fraction
Development of advanced renovation concepts for residential buildings. For the housing segments with the greatest energy saving potentials strategies for increased market penetration of advanced housing renovation are investigated. Analysing outstanding renovation projects shall lead to technically and economically robust and sustainable concepts for housing renovation.
IEA SHC Task 42/ECES Annex 29: Compact Thermal Energy Storage - Material Development for System Integration
The key accomplishments of the task are summarized in the following points: New material characterizing methods were investigated, a new standard for an improved DSC measurement method has been developed, a data base for PCM, TCM and sorption materials was developed and established, advances in the numerical modelling of materials, compact thermal storage systems were developed for different material applications, a tool for the economic evaluation of thermal energy storages has been developed. Also numerous joint R&D Projects and more than twenty publications arose from the IEA-SHC Task 42 networking activity.
The completed IEA SHC Task 48 focused on an enhanced quality improvement and market-support measures for the technology option ‘solar thermal cooling or air-conditioning'. In cooperation with a total of 22 organizations (12 research institutes, 5 universities and 5 companies) from eight countries numerous useful reports and tools have been created to improve the quality of solar cooling systems with significant contribution of the Austrian partners.
IEA SHC Task 49/IV focussed ist work on important research questions on solar process heat within the three subtasks: Process heat collectors, their application, comparison and possible standarization; Process Integration and process intensification as required interlinkage between solar heat and production processes; Design Guidelines, case studies and promotion as key for market penetration.
The focus of IEA SHC Task 51 ‚Solar Energy in Urban Planning’ has been placed on the topic of solar energy integration in urban environment. Hereby, different international examples, options and processes for planning and implementation of solar energy measures in cities throughout the world have been screened, outlined and equipped with recommendations for further development. The core outcomes of the project address different options and possibilities for optimization of planning processes, framework conditions, tools, methods and education aiming to attain more effective and timely understanding as well as integration of solar energy in urban context.
IEA SHC Task 52 focused on the analysis of the future role of solar thermal heat in integrated urban energy systems. The potential of solar thermal applications to cover the low-temperature heat demand in future low-carbon energy systems was investigated against the background of the rapidly changing framework conditions in the energy sector. Best practice examples for the integration of solar thermal systems into urban energy systems were evaluated and documented.
Within the framework of the IEA SHC Task 53 'New Generation (NG) Solar Cooling & Heating Systems', solar-electric and solar-thermal air-conditioning systems were investigated. The main objective was the development and documentation of reliable and economical NG system solutions. A comprehensive comparison of different NG systems as well as the elaboration of support measures for the market launch are core results of the international cooperation.
IEA SHC Task 54 was an interdisciplinary, collaborative project with the main focus on significant price reductions of solar thermal systems. Measures to achieve a reduction of the customer price up to 40% included simplified system designs, standardized components and cost-efficient materials and production and installation processes.
The growing market of solar thermal heating and cooling networks requires support in the integration of complex solar thermal systems. The Austrian project includes the management of the IEA SHC Task 55, the management of Subtask A and the introduction of Austrian project results. In the course of the research project, the integration and optimization of system components and large solar thermal heating and cooling networks are described and advanced.
This Task focuses on the critical analysis, simulation, laboratory test and onsite monitoring of envelope systems entailing elements that use and/or control incident solar energy. Integration of Solar Envelope solutions into the building’s HVAC and lighting systems through a systemic approach is central in this Task.