IEA AFC Annex 33: Stationary Applications (Working period 2017 - 2019)

The main objective of Annex 33 is to support the technology development of key components and systems. Market implementation and transformation will be supported by the analysis and development of the necessary political framework and instruments. The current technological, economic and political barriers are to be identified, solutions developed and the barriers gradually removed.

Short Description

In Annex 33 the following tasks are on the agenda:

  • Evaluation of the ongoing major demonstration projects
  • Identification of niche markets
  • Analysis of the various possible fuel including reforming requirements
  • Analysis of the economic conditions for market launch
  • Analysis of the regulatory framework

On the part of the Austrian Energy Agency, the focus is on Subtask 3. In this subtask, the changed framework conditions, which can be opportunities and risks for the further implementation of fuel cells, are analysed and in the case of barriers, counterstrategies or recommendations for further development of theses framework conditions will be given. The relevant legal provisions on EU-level are:

  • Directive 2010/31/EU "Energy performance of buildings"
  • Directive 2012/27/EU "Energy efficiency"
  • Directive 2009/28/EU "Promotion energy from renewable sources"
  • Directive 2010/30/EU "Energy labelling"
  • Directive 2009/125/EU "Ecodesign"
  • Directive 2009/72/EU "Common rules for internal market electricity"
  • Directive 2009/73/EU "Common rules for internal market natural gas"

Results of the working period 2017 - 2019:

Relevant policy instruments/directives with regard to positive as well as negative influences on the penetration of stationary fuel cells have been analysed, prepared and concrete suggestions for improvement have been elaborated. The relevant institutions were also identified to take into account the respective prospect of interest, in order to create the necessary political framework conditions and instruments. 

In addition a standard (draft) which determines the assessment process of the energy efficiency of fuel cells was developed. In the meantime the draft found its way into the Austrian standard ÖNORM H 5056 (January 2019) and the OIB (April 2019), thus micro CHPs are considered in the relevant regulations. This finally allows to issue an energy performance certificate.

An extended business model was elaborated. The analyses were made from cross the sector perspective. The required thereto related process and the results were extensively described in the report „Possible extension of the business model for fuel cells" which will be attached to the final report

Identification of niche markets by taking the results of subsidy programmes, like ENE.Farm for Japan and PACE for the EU, into consideration.

These results and many more are presented in the form of a report prepared by the Austrian Energy Agency, which can be downloaded from the AEA website (Subtask 3 Annex 33 Report AEA 2017).


Publications are available on the German project page.


China, Denmark, Germany, France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, South Korea and the USA

Contact Address

Österreichische Energieagentur
DI Dr. Günter Simader
Ing. Mag. Alfred Schuch
David Presch BSc.
Mariahilfer Straße 136, 1150 Wien
Tel.: 0043 1 586 1524 124