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The primary research topic of OPEN HEAT GRID was to investigate the possibilities of enforcing the feed-in of industrial waste heat into existing district heating networks. The project results show that excess heat is not for free: despite minimal variable costs, the investment costs need to satisfy usual payback periods. The analysis shows that there is no need for a regulation in the sense of a feed-in obligation or market liberalization. However, from an economic point of view, information asymmetries exist, which may lead to irrational decisions.
Instruments and Strategies for the involvement of users and other relevant social groups in the design process: the example of fuel cell technology in end-user markets and wood-plastic composites.
OPEN LIVING PLUS - building structures and utilization options with high social functionality and plusEnergie-standard for rural regions
In small to medium sized communities in rural Regions there is a high demand for sustainable building and space for innovative living facilities, to satisfy the requirements of current and coming life designs. The project’s intentions were to provide social scientific groundwork, develop building structures and utilization options of high social functionality and to transfer knowledge to decision makers in communities and regional authorities.
Development of an optimal strategy to open up Austria's biomass potential until the year 2050. The optimal strategy maximizes the reduction of GHG emissions. Provision of an action plan for a temporal dynamic implementation of this strategy.
Based on four case studies the comprehensive contribution of open space to the increase of quality in real estate development was presented and provides the basis for the development of application oriented measures of quality management and strategies for innovative solutions.
How much energy does a passive house actually save? Does a passive house pay-off by itself? What are the costs for maintancence? For the first time an approximation for the running costs of a passive house were systematically documented and compared.
Optimisation of ecological construction components for industrial serial production of precast elements
The project focused on passive house elements from straw and clay. Special interest was paid at a novel straw insulation as well as at an efficient drying process of the clay. Sustainability of the building materials was a very important aspect within the project.
The biogas production from energy crops will be analyzed and optimized. Energy crops are grown in an environmentally friendly and sustainable crop rotation system. The project provides a secure basis of data for the biogas production and utilisation. Farmers will invest more into the biogas technology.
Based on the results of the concept "Energy-self-sufficient district Güssing", in this project feasibility studies for a self-sufficient energy- (model) -system on the basis of regional renewable energy sources in the district Güssing will be elaborated. Thereby the second step towards implementation will be done.
The necessary efficiency of modern energy-self-sufficient buildings can only be achieved with intelligent control of the key parameters. The main focus of the project is the adaptation of optical sensor concepts for application in building technology. The future goal of the project is to supply the modern energy-plus-house with an appropriate and intelligent control device to minimize energy loss.
Conception and implementation of a multfunctional energy - centre considering as exemple "Model Güssing", where different possibilities concerning the production- and consumerside are optimised together in order to achieve the aim of an energy - self-sustaining community Deutschlandsberg.
OttoWagner-ArealPlus - Feasibility study for a certified plus-energy-district-renovation of the listed Otto-Wagner-Area
Development of an innovative concept for the transformation of the Viennese Otto-Wagner-Area into a plus-energy-quartier while meeting requirements of cultural heritage management. The historic architectural jewel covers an area of around 50 hectares, consists of 70 buildings and a gross floor area of around 200,000 m². The solution meets highest energy efficiency standards and comfort requirements.
Developement of a concept of "service ozone as a special gas" has the main reason to support the chemical industrie, laboratories and others to substitute chemical oxidatives, which is a big ökological advantage.
P2H-Pot has identified economically feasible potentials for Power-to-Heat (P2H) in urban regions. The suitability of different technical system configurations were investigated using thermodynamic simulation and considering experiences from Scandinavian cases. The assessment of short, medium and long term relevance and economic feasibility of P2H were accomplished by simulating model-based scenarios up to 2050 of the Austrian and German electricity and heat market. In cooperation with a district heating company three case studies have been carried out.
The project deals with applications optimizing the self-consumption of PV-generated energy within urban quarters by enabling peer-to-peer relations among energy prosumers based on blockchain technology. The aim is to develop and validate these applications in the field being used by consumers.
The winning project "Pallet House" of the EU-wide competition GAU:DI in 2007 consists of 800 (used) pallets. It has been exhibited in a scale 1:1 at the Biennale in Venice 2008 and has been developed for mass production within this project. Therefore, two exemplary scenarios were developed: (temporary) construction at Vienna's Urban Lakeside in Aspern and the construction of a low-cost building in South Africa.
With the city of Leoben as a use case this exploratory project will, for the first time ever, examine the spatial effects, synergy- and energy potentials of newly developed wide-span light-weight solar canopies for streets and squares in urban public space as well as their implications on the townscape, the image of the city and the city function.
Participation in CEN TC 350 (sustainability of construction works) - WG4 Economic Performance Assessment of Buildings
Participation in the CEN TC 350/WG4 to develop a standard to evaluate the integrated effectiveness of buildings during their life cycle. Evaluation and integration of national comments in order to prepare the standard for the final vote.
Applied passive house techniques with locally available materials for a public building using limited funds.
About 3.000 buildings are documented, all of them show a high level of comfort and follow energy and building technique standards for passive houses and plus-passive houses. By integration of object and evaluation data, the database will become the worldwide basis for extremely energy efficient buildings and because of its multilingualism and quality assurance opens up new sustainable export possibilities.