Itz Smart – Carbon neutral city district development Itzling – Implementing innovation and technology via co-operative process design
Itzling, a typical urban district on the fringe of a medium-sized city like Salzburg with a very heterogeneous development and use structure, poses numerous challenges for the city's administration: the districts' former center and its shopping street have mostly lost their function, the residential complexes from the 60s and 70s are in need of renovation and redevelopment, large factories and businesses are located next to single-family homes and duplexes, railway lines cut through the district and a high volume of traffic overloads the traffic nodes. Against this background, the city of Salzburg envisions to ad-vance Itzling into a smart city district.
Content and objectives
The project "Itz Smart" investigated the potential for the develop-ment of the building stock by means of cooperative planning approaches. The objective of the project was to identify the first implementation projects and bring them one step closer to real-ization.
In a first step, the initial situation of the district was analyzed by means of statistical data and the current (approximate) levels of CO2 emissions were illus-trated. From this starting point, an "Itzling 2050 vision" was developed during a two-day work-shop. With this vision in mind, further steps were defined in cooperation with the city admin-istration, building contractors, landowners, infrastructure managers, social services, research and educational institutions and enriched with research insights, innovations and technologies. This process resulted in 27 preferred, potential projects, which were subsequently discussed with senior representatives of the city administration and which will be presented to all com-munity representatives in the city's planning committee meeting, to bring about a decision concerning the projects' realization.
Results and Conclusions
The chosen approach of a "CO2 neutral district development through cooperative process design" seemed right in the beginning, yet the focus on the very technical and elusive term "CO2 neutral" was more of a hindrance than a help. This approach should rather be considered as building block for sustainable settlement development and contemplated under economic, environmental and social aspects. The objective of the build-ing stock development is strongly dependent on the initial situation on site and therefore dif-ferent from case to case; yet in any case highly complex. Some cities already recognize that the realization of a single project is not an adequate contribution to a sustainable stock devel-opment. Rather, a need for a holistic strategy exists, which connects the planning and the implementation of many individual projects to an overarching context and that puts together a package of measures for the building stock development. The project "Itz Smart" has made a first contribution to this strategy and provided a basis for discussion. Future questions include: Which target-aimed political decisions are required? Which lighthouse projects can be imple-mented immediately? How can individual projects be continuously linked? How can a sup-portive and adequate prevailing mood be generated among the citizens in the district, eco-nomic respresentatives, administration and politics?
SIR – Salzburger Institut für Raumordnung und Wohnen
Project or cooperation partners
- Fachhochschule Salzburg GmbH – Smart Building
- komobile Gmunden GmbH
- raum & kommunikation GmbH