International Collaboration for ensuring Secure and Sustainable Critical Minerals in Clean Energy Technologies
Webinar organised under the auspices of the Experts' Group on R&D Priority-setting and Evaluation (EGRD) under the IEA. Hosted by Austrian Mission Innovation Week.
A wide range of clean energy technologies include critical minerals such as copper, lithium, nickel, cobalt and rare earth elements (REE) and the shift to a clean energy system will drive a huge increase in the demand for these minerals. This raises questions about the availability and the reliability of supply of these minerals. Another fact to consider is that typically only around 1% of the REE are recycled from end-products, with the rest deporting to waste and being removed from the materials cycle.
The IEA has put forward six recommendations to build mineral security, one of which is to step up technology innovation at all points along the value chain - from extraction, processing to end-use in clean energy technologies such as wind turbines, solar cells, electric cars, electrical grids etc. This webinar aims at identifying a number of crucial research activities related to critical minerals, the landscape of international collaboration to ensure a secure and sustainable development and how IEA TCPs may contribute to raising global knowledge around certain clean energy technologies.
Key questions to be answered at the webinar are:
- What RD&D is crucial to unlock new supplies, promote more efficient use of materials, enable material substitutions, scale up recycling and improve environmental and social performance of production operations?
- Is it possible to shortcut the knowledge creation from basic science to application by means of new methods, technologies and mechanisms?
- How can governments support and accelerate RD&D in critical minerals?
- What are the best opportunities for the IEA TCPs to take forward these research questions?
The webinar will result in a summary report with the main discussion points and recommendations for further RD&D in critical minerals for clean energy technologies.
Video recording of Session 1
Video recording of Session 2
Video recording of Session 3
- 13:00 Welcome and introduction
Leonore Gewessler, Federal Minister for Climate Action, Austria
- 13:10 IEA CERT
Birte Holst Jørgensen, Chair of EGRD
Session I: Why do we have to secure and diversify investments in critical minerals?
Moderator: Johannes Tambornino
This session focuses on the role of critical minerals in the clean energy transition.
- 13:15 The role of Critical Minerals in Clean Energy Transitions by the IEA Secretariat
Tae-Yoon Kim, Energy Analyst, IEA
Session II: What RD&D is needed along the value chain of critical materials for clean energy technologies?
Moderator: Atsushi Kurosawa
This session provides examples of how to accelerate the use and production of critical minerals and focuses on RD&D related to:
- demand for critical minerals (efficient use and reuse/recycling, substitution)
- production and processing of critical minerals (unlock new supplies)
- circularity, environmental and social impact
- 13:45 Building robust critical minerals supply chains through accelerated materials discovery
Mark Kozdras, Natural Resources Canada
- 14:00 Material and Supply Chains Challenges for the Green Energy Transition in the European Union.
Michalis Christou, Senior Expert, European Commission
- 14:15 U.S. Department of Energy Critical Minerals and Materials Priorities
Diana Bauer, Acting Deputy Director, Advanced Manufacturing Office, Office Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy
- 14:30 Energy-saving separation technology for resources recycling with carbon neutrality: Lithium-ion battery, Photovoltaic panel, and multi-materials adhesive
Chiharu Tokoro, Waseda University, Japan
Session III: Panel discussion
Moderator: Herbert Greisberger
- 14:45 How can governments accelerate RD&D in secure, affordable and sustainable critical minerals for the energy transition?
- Mark Kozdras, Natural Resources Canada and Mission Innovation's Materials Initiative
- K.C. Michaels, Legal Advisor, IEA
- Bert Witkamp (representative from TCP HEV – task 40 Critical raw materials for EV)
- 15:25 Concluding remarks by Chair EGRD
- 15:30 End