WohnMOBIL - Innovative living and transport options in areas with high settlement pressure
Starting point / motivation
Increasing settlement pressure and land use, affordable living space and active land policies, as well as closer coordination of settlement and transport development are substantial issues and subjects of activity in the present and future spatial planning.
A lack of solutions for affordable living space in central locations results more and more often in a displacement to the surrounding area, reinforcing traffic and commuter volumes. Additionally, as there are new societal challenges, new trends like changes in working environments, there is an increasing demand for flexibility in the housing market as well as in the mobility sector.
Contents and goals
In the WohnMOBIL project a systemized approach is developed in order to embed innovative living and transport options in a proactive and sustainable settlement development, particularly for the suburban-rural area. The focus is on new concepts like transitory living, a living option especially for new citizens, young families, people looking for living space or seasonal workers.
This type of housing is typically encountered in urban areas. However, acting as a land- and cost-saving option, it will meet the increasing demand on living space in rural municipalities as well.
By planning multimodal mobility services and infrastructures for various types of residential quarters/settlements, living space adopted solutions are created for citizens that support traffic-reducing and sustainable mobility behaviour. In that course, innovative mobility solutions like sharing concepts, e-mobility and a suitable infrastructure for favouring active mobility play an important role.
A toolkit will be developed, which allows the derivation of needs-oriented, living space adopted mobility offers through the modules "innovative living solutions" and "innovative mobility solutions".
Within the toolkit various types of residential quarters/settlements are initially identified, which differ in type of housing/ground plan, building cubature, number of residents and location. On this basis, mobility behaviour scenarios are defined and need-based mobility services and infrastructures are derived.
Due to the integrative consideration of housing and mobility, the implementation of the required mobility infrastructure offers can be integrated early in the planning process of buildings and settlements.
The WohnMOBIL kit and by association, the linkage/interaction between innovative, traffic-, and land-saving types of housing and needs-based mobility services, is tested in the pilot municipalities St. Johann in Tirol and Feldkirch/Göfis. As the pilot areas have different characteristics, the model is transferable to similar municipalities and regions nation-wide.
The key result of the project is a transferable WohnMOBIL kit, which - in combination with concrete recommended actions - supports municipalities and property developers to take appropriate measures at various steps of intervention (e.g. development concept, land utilisation plan, local plan, mobility contracts) in favour of integrated, innovative living and mobility development.
Research Studios Austria Forschungsgesellschaft mbH - Research Studio iSPACE
Project or cooperation partners
- HERRY Consult
- Energieinstitut Vorarlberg
- Paul Schweizer Architekt
- Gemeinde St. Johann in Tirol