Starting point / motivation
Functionally mixed areas of living and working make a significant contribution to the energy-efficient urban development and the achievement of ambitious smart city targets.
However, urban commercial properties are scarce in many places and are not affordable for manufacturing companies with correspondingly large space requirements. In addition, there is a great pressure to develop new sites for residential construction.
The share of space of manufacturing enterprises in Vienna has declined by 16.5 % since 2001, the share of industrial areas by even 30 %. In light of the increasing scarcity of space and the drastic loss of businesses and thus jobs in cities, urgent measures are necessary to prevent the spatial segregation of living and work places.
The consequences of this spatial decoupling are not only counteracting energy-saving planning goals, but also potential synergies cannot be exploited sustainably, for example, energy / waste heat utilization, circulation and cascade management, urban added value, microeconomic local networks.
Only few alternative concepts exist that can draw manufacturing enterprises back into cities. While the transformation of industrial production – subsumed under the term "Industry 4.0" – initiates the return of urban industry in small-scaled, mixed districts, there are also substantial barriers.
Contents and goals
VERTICALurbanFACTORY will develop modern concepts of "stacked" functions and urban production. The highly efficient vertical use of space common in housing will be transferred to production.
Successful examples of urban integration will serve as starting point for further basic research on how commercial and manufacturing usage is possible within scarce urban space. Questions concerning town planning and energy will be interdisciplinarily addressed as well as mobility, policy and governance.
Specific targets and methodological approaches
- Definition and development, changes of production in cities: how did and does production and consumption happen (spatial segregation / merging, scale, economy of scale, Industry 4.0, global framework)
- Approaches / best practice of interlacing city and production: examples for implementation in the D-A-CH-region (Germany, Austria, Switzerland) and worldwide, relevant studies (national, international, historic)
- Vertical production/ Buildings in context (multi-criteria analysis and parameter matrix): challenges and development of feasible strategies (legal, planning, traffic induced drivers and barriers, incentives, conflicts, ...)
- Ideas / typology / feasibility (5 prototypes / cluster): gathering of ideas on innovative vertically stacked building types and combinational models, development of 5 prototypes, space requirements, infrastructure, inclusion of architecture and city planning, intertwining with mobility concepts and legal reform activities
- Implementation, energy, sustainability: potential synergies for energy and recycling economy etc., guidelines for initialization of implementation processes
The overall goal is the development of new, innovative and urban-compatible building types and transport logistics concepts for urban production. To reduce complexity, typologies are developed that reflect different requirements and characteristics and can be adapted to different urban typologies. The reduction of the demand of space by means of concepts of "vertical production" represents an innovative approach.
DI Dr. Edeltraud Haselsteiner, URBANITY
Project or cooperation partner
- TU Wien (Vienna University of Technology), Institute of Transportation, Research Center of Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering, DI Dr. Harald Frey
- WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business) – Research Institute for Urban Management and Governance, Univ.-Prof. Dr. Verena Madner