Urban MoVe - Private law contracts as innovative instruments for city and mobility planning.
Starting point / motivation
Housing plays an increasingly important role as a central field of action for climate protection measures. Currently, little attention is paid to sustainable mobility at residential locations, which contains a great potential for CO2 and energy saving and, contrary to many ambitious transport policy objectives, is not exploited. For a holistic climate- and energy-efficient planning of the residential location, early consideration and planning of mobility issues and innovative mobility solutions is indispensable, since approximately 80% of all paths start at the residential location and end there.
This is where the choice of means of transport will be decided. Initial, as yet unevaluated, experiences suggest that positive steering effects can be achieved, especially through private-law contractual arrangements (e.g. mobility contracts, funds, urban development contracts) between municipalities and project promoters (such as investors, developers, owners). At the moment, however, the development, application and evaluation of contractually regulated control and planning instruments are breaking new ground both nationally and internationally.
Contents and goals
The research project Urban MoVe attempts to solve the given problem based on analysing and evaluating existing practical examples out of Graz and Vienna. Thereby it will be verified how efficient private-law contracts e.g. mobility contracts or -funds are referring to an interlocked and future-orientated city- and mobility planning.
Furthermore, it will be examined how these contractual instruments could be further improved in the light of new mobility innovations e.g. sharing- or electric mobility, automated driving etc.
As parts of the project the effects and successes of already implemented mobility contracts are analysed and form the basis in terms of legal as well as procedural redevelopment and advancement of the contractual instruments. International best practice examples will complete the research results and ensure the dissemination of the outcomes.
The holistic research approach as well as diverse communication- and networking concepts e.g. congresses, workshops, expert interviews, surveys, etc. enable on one hand conversations between all relevant planners (e.g. communes, investors/developers/builders, mobility contractors etc.).
On the other hand, controversy perceptions and interests are identified. The aims of the project are to initiate a mutual change of perspectives, a targeted transfer of knowledge and the development of understanding and know-how so that contractually regulated control instruments can be established in city planning in the medium and long term.
Additionally to a precise, scientific results report, a practically and application orientated guideline will emerge and support communes, builders, mobility contractors as well as planners developing, implementing and evaluating the contractually controlled tools.
DI Mag. Mario Platzer - yverkehrsplanung GmbH
Project or cooperation partners
- TU Wien - Fachbereich Bodenpolitik und Bodenmanagement
- TU Graz – Institut für Städtebau
- Grazer Energieagentur GmbH
- Urban Innovation Vienna GmbH