Syn[En]ergy: Development of Potential Synergy Effects between the Interdependency of Urban Planning goals and Photovoltaic Usage on Open Urban Landscapes
Starting point / motivation
Current scientific research on urban photovoltaic application possibilities and the development of specific approaches mainly focus on roof surfaces and similar building oriented structures. Similarly, legislative frameworks and planning strategies for urban areas tend to be in line with this development.
In contrast, urban open spaces have received less attention as potentials for photovoltaic usage. The Syn[EN]ergy project intended to improve the scientific research in this field of interest and to develop innovative solutions for photovoltaic implementations in urban open spaces.
Contents and goals
The use of urban photovoltaic energy has to meet legal, spatial, design oriented, technical, ecological, economic and social challenges. The photovoltaic oriented usage of open urban spaces is particularly desirable, when beside the sustainable energy production other synergy effects can be realised and therefore create an added value to cities and their residents. Moreover, such a multiple use can render sites more suitable for photovoltaic installations, where photovoltaics alone would not be economic.
Syn[EN]ergy as an inter- and transdisciplinary project pursued the following goals:
Investigation of synergy effects between photovoltaic usage on horizontal urban spaces and other uses as a basis for a sustainable urban energy production
Estimation of potentials and development of solution for photovoltaic oriented approaches on open urban spaces in the Vienna region as a contribution to a sustainable energy supply of urban areas
Development of new niches for the Austrian photovoltaic industry
Development and communication of new energy and resource efficient action oriented alternatives for stakeholders in private enterprises and public administrations as a contribution to energy transition
Development of typologies for photovoltaic oriented open urban spaces
Development of visualisation methods for photovoltaic projects as a basis for the investigation of social acceptance
Contribution to enhance the resilience of urban spaces through the research of social acceptance of residents and stakeholders regarding urban photovoltaic usage in every day landscapes
Discussion of communication oriented opportunities of urban development strategies for residents through the visible usage of public spaces with photovoltaic
The project implemented an inter- and transdisciplinary approach. Methods from social and natural sciences, economics and technics were integrated in a mixed methods design. The study area was the Vienna conurbation.
Technical and economic calculation and extrapolation of urban photovoltaic potentials based upon social accepted concepts
Development of socially accepted photovoltaic concepts for urban open spaces
Web GIS mapping applications for the defined photovoltaic potentials in the Vienna conurbation
3D augmented reality models (ARM) for the immersive interaction of real life landscapes as a new method for the evaluation of planning projects
Guideline for urban planning and landscape architecture to consider the renewable energy potential of open urban spaces in future developments
Institute of Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning (ILEN) / University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU)
- Andreas Muhar
- Boris Salak
- Thomas Schauppenlehner
Project or cooperation partners
Institute of Landscape Architecture (ILA) / University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU)
Dagmar Grimm-Pretner, Roland Tusch
Austrian Institute of Technology (AIT)
Ernst Gebetsroither-Geringer, Hans-Martin Neumann
NIKKO Photovoltaic GmbH
Eric Sehnal, Lukas Horvath