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IEA AFC Annex 33: Stationary Applications

The main objective of Annex 33 “Stationary Applications” is to push the technology development of key components and systems. Market implementation and transformation will be supported by the analysis and development of the necessary political framework and instruments. The current technological, economic and political barriers are to be identified, solutions developed and the barriers gradually broken down. The Austrian Energy Agency represents Austria in Annex 33 - Stationary applications.

Short Description

In Annex 33 the following tasks are on the agenda:

  • Evaluation of the ongoing major demonstration projects
  • Identification of niche markets
  • Analysis of the various possible fuel including reforming requirements
  • Analysis of the economic conditions for market launch
  • Analysis of the regulatory framework

On the part of the Austrian Energy Agency, the focus is on Subtask 3. In this subtask, the changed framework conditions, which can be opportunities and risks for the further implementation of fuel cells, are analysed and in the case of barriers, counterstrategies or recommendations for further development of theses framework conditions will be given.


The AEA has analysed the relevant policy instruments/directives with regard to positive as well as negative influences on the penetration of stationary fuel cells, prepared and elaborated concrete suggestions for improvement. The relevant institutions were also identified to take into account the respective prospect of interest, in order to create the necessary political framework conditions and instruments. In addition to the analysis of the legal framework, the differences in the price of stationary fuel cell applications between Japan and the EU were also worked out and compared. This price difference can be explained as follows:

  • Japanese fuel cell program: Most of the components of stationary fuel cells are either produced in Japan or in South Korea. Componets of these countries are assembled by the EU-based manufacturers and subsequently sold under another brand – resulting in high price differences
  • Significantly higher safety requirements in the EU (higher production costs for, e.g. control and operation of fuel cells)
  • In Japan, the fuel cells are installed by subcontractors of the local natural gas supply companies, such as Tokyo-Gas. These companies are very closely intertwined with the success of the natural gas supply companies and are therefore more or less forced to follow the direction dictated by the natural gas supply companies. The installing of the stationary fuel cells takes place with very small surcharges.

In this context, the multiannual Japanese support program is also to be mentioned, which provides through a decline funding model, incentives for manufacturers' cost-cutting programs and contributes decisively to a stable market environment for the fuel cell producers.

The identification of niche markets for the application of fuel cells was another task of the project. In addition the effects on the market related to fuel cell delivery-programs, e.g. ENE.Farm (Japan) and PACE (EU) have been analysed.

These results and many more are presented in the form of a report prepared by the Austrian Energy Agency, which can be downloaded from the AEA website (Subtask 3 Annex 33 Report AEA 2017).

In addition to various publications, a workshop in 2015 and a seminar in 2016 on the topic of stationary fuel cells were also carried out by AEA. The links to the event documentation are as follows:

In addition, there was also a press release concerning the results of the project by the end of the project.


Publications are available on the German project page.


China, Denmark, Germany, France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, South Korea and the USA

Contact Address

Österreichische Energieagentur
DI Dr. Günter Simader
Ing. Mag. Alfred Schuch
David Presch BSc.
Mariahilfer Straße 136, 1150 Wien
Tel.: 0043 1 586 1524 124

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